current time and date
currency: Fijian Dollar (FJD)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Fiji profile
includes 332 islands;

approximately 110 are inhabited
Fiji history
Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century).

The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority.

A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil.

Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE.

Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister.

Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and initially refused to hold elections.

In 2012, he promised to hold elections in 2014.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Fiji

Conventional short form: Fiji

Local long form: Republic of Fiji/Matanitu ko Viti

Local short form: Fiji/Viti
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Fiji's capital city is Suva (on Viti Levu)
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Fiji Constitution:

enacted 25 July 1997;

effective 28 July 1998;

note - constitution encourages multiculturalism and makes multiparty government mandatory
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Fiji population growth rate: 0.766%
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Fiji highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
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Fiji lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
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About 11% of Fiji's land is arable.
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Fiji birth rate is 21 births/1,000 population
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Fiji infant mortality rate is 11 deaths/1,000 live births
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Fiji fertility rate is 2.54 children born/woman
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Fiji climate:

tropical marine;

only slight seasonal temperature variation
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Fiji ethnic groups:

Fijian - 57.3% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture)

Indian - 37.6%

Rotuman - 1.2%

other - 3.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese)
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Fiji Exports:

coconut oil
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Fiji Imports:

manufactured goods
machinery and transport equipment
petroleum products
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bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 members appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, 9 appointed by the president on the advice of the Prime Minister, 8 on the advice of the opposition leader, and 1 appointed on the advice of the council of Rotuma) and the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 members reserved for ethnic Fijians, 19 reserved for ethnic Indians, 3 reserved for other ethnic groups, 1 reserved for the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole of Fiji, and 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
4 divisions and 1 dependency


1. Central
2. Eastern
3. Northern
4. Western


1. Rotuma
Political parties and leaders:
Dodonu Ni Taukei Party (DNT) - Fereti S. DEWA

Fiji Democratic Party (FDP) - Filipe BOLE (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance (VLV) - Poesci Waqalevu BUNE, Fijian Association Party (FAP), Fijian Political Party (SVT) - Sitiveni RABUKA (primarily Fijian), and New Labor Unity Party (NLUP) - Ofa SWANN)

Fiji Labor Party (FLP) - Mahendra CHAUDHRY

General Voters Party (GVP) (became part of United General Party)

Girmit Heritage Party (GHP)

Justice and Freedom Party (AIM)

Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party (LFR)

National Federation Party (NFP) - Pramond RAE (primarily Indian)

Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party (NVTLP) - Saula TELAWA

Party of National Unity (PANU) - Ponipate LESAVUA

Party of the Truth (POTT)

United Fiji Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua (SDL) - Laisenia QARASE

United Peoples Party (UPP) - Millis Mick BEDDOES